Main Features of NEP 2020
• The GOI Education Ministry has approved the New Education policy 2020 Draft today. Many major changes have been made in the education system from school to college level. The new education policy aims to enroll 100 percent of the children in school education by 2030.
• The National Scholarship Portal will be promoted to improve education policy as well as to encourage the qualification of students belonging to SC, ST, OBC, and other SEDGs.
• The 10 + 2 format has been scrapped in the new education policy and along with simplifying the board examination, emphasis will be laid on reducing the burden of the syllabus on the students. The school syllabus will now be replaced with a new curriculum structure of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 instead of 10 + 2.
• New education Policy lays special emphasis on the use of mother tongue/ local language/regional language as the medium of instruction at least up-to class 5, but preferably up to class 8 and beyond.
• Sanskrit will be offered at all levels of school and higher education as an option for students as part of three language formula, from the languages included in eighth Schedule of constitution of India.
• No Language will be imposed on any student.
• First five years of the Pre-primary School stage:
• Anganwadi/pre-school/Balvatika : Age of 3 to 6 year students get play activities and other learning along with Foundational stage (Class 1 -2) The children of age 6 to 8 year study Multilevel, play/activity-based learning only.
• Preparatory Stage/Primary Level (Class 3-5):
• The students age 8 to 11 years will learn to play activities, discovery learning, and interactive classroom learning study.
• Middle Stage (Class 6-8): The student’s age 11-14 years get experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences and humanities, etc. subjects.
• Secondary Stage (Class 9-12): The students age 14-18 years get a multidisciplinary study, choice of subjects, etc.
Content and Curriculum Reforms
• All students will take school examinations in classes 3,5 and 8 which will be conducted by the appropriate authority. Board exams for class 10 and 12 will be continued, but redesigned with holistic development as the aim.
• A new national assessment Centre , PARAKH ( Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis Of Knowledge For Holistic Development) will be set up as a standard-setting body.
• Curriculum content in each subject will reduce core imperatives and emphasize critical thinking and more holistic, inquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analytics-based approaches to learning.
• The 10+2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced by 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8,8-11,11-14 and 14-18 respectively.
• Vocational education will be integrated into all schools and higher education institutions in a phased manner over the next decade. By 2025, a plan to reach at least 50% of the learners’ vocational education through the school and higher education system will be developed.
• Under the new policy, recruitment of teachers will be regular from 2022 onwards and para teachers will not be retained. The quality of school education will now be reviewed every 5 years.
Higher Education Reforms
• Only one exam will be conducted by NTA for admission in all colleges. This exam will be optional, it is not necessary.
• There will be a single regulator for higher education excluding law and medical education. Higher education aims to reach 50 percent GER by 2035. E-courses will be developed in regional languages. A virtual lab is being developed and a National Educational Technology Forum (NETF) is being created.
• Multiple entry and exit systems have been implemented in higher education. And in the multiple entry and exit system, after 1 year, you will get a certificate, diploma after 2 years and degree after 3-4 years. This is a big decision in the interest of students.
• An Academic Bank of Credit (ABC) will be set up which will digitally collect academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs. Through the credit savings of this bank, students can use them at any time to complete the degree.
• There will be a 4-year degree program for students who want to go into research. While a three-year degree program will be enough for those who want to get into a job. But those who want to go into research can do Ph.D. with one year MA after four years degree program for which M.Phil. will not be required.
• By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching is 4-year integrated B.Ed. Degree.
Contact for further Info:
Major Pardeep Kumar
Email: [email protected]
Main Features of NEP 2020